House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy’s announcement that he will kick three far-Left Democrats off of committees if he is elected Speaker of the House is a key step in the California Republican’s drive to gain enough votes to hold the most powerful gavel in the nation’s Capitol.
With four seats still to be decided from the 2022 midterm elections, Republicans will have at least 219, thus ensuring their control of the House of Representatives when the 118th Congress convenes on Jan. 3, 2023.
But to become Speaker of the House requires a minimum of 218 votes that day and they can come from members of either political party. In the increasingly fractious Republican conference, McCarthy may not be a shoo-in to succeed the current speaker, Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.).
That fact became evident Nov. 15, when 188 members of the conference supported McCarthy as the GOP speaker nominee, but 31 voted either for Rep. Andy Biggs (R-Ariz.) or wrote in other names.
Top aides to McCarthy, talking on condition of anonymity to enable them to speak candidly, tell The Epoch Times they remain optimistic because their boss is making steady progress in lining up needed supporters and that he will prevail on Jan. 3.
Besides excluding three Democrats from committees, the aides said McCarthy plans to reopen the U.S. Capitol Complex to the public and to abolish the proxy voting system installed by Pelosi at the outset of the COVID-19 Pandemic in February 2020.
The system allows members to vote by giving their proxy to a colleague who is present on the House floor, and to attend committee hearings remotely rather than having to be in the hearing room.
The three Democrats in McCarthy’s sights include House Select Committee on Intelligence Chairman Adam Schiff (D-Calif.), Rep. Eric Swalwell, a member of the House Intelligence, Judiciary, and Homeland Security panels, and Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.), who is a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Schiff, according to McCarthy and many others, lied to the American public about having proof of collaboration between former President Donald Trump and Russia during the 2016 campaign. Schiff never publicly revealed the evidence.
Swalwell has acknowledged having a relationship with a woman known to be a spy for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Omar, a Muslim born in Somalia, has repeatedly expressed anti-Semitic comments about Israel.
McCarthy’s vow follows the removal by Pelosi in 2021 of Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene (R-Ga.) and Rep. Paul Gosar (R-Ariz.) from their committee assignments. Greene’s removal was based on inflammatory statements she made years before being elected to Congress, while Gosar was removed for circulating an animated video he posted on Twitter that portrayed him attacking President Joe Biden and Rep. Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.).
A majority of House members must vote with McCarthy for the removals to go into effect.
But the bigger issues facing McCarthy in his drive to win the speakership are highlighted by efforts among Democrats and Republicans to use the process of establishing House rules for the new Congress to weaken the power of party leaders—including that of the speaker.
The House Freedom Caucus (HFC), which is led by Rep. Scott Perry (R-Pa.) and presently includes 43 members, is pushing a set of reforms they say are needed because “the leaders of both political parties have consolidated so much power that most members of Congress have no meaningful role in the legislative process beyond voting up or down.”
The centerpiece of the proposed reforms was one to restore the old “vacate the chair” House rule that enabled one member to offer a privileged motion to replace the speaker.
That proposal was rejected by the Republican conference, as were HFC proposals to allow committee members to choose panel chairmen and ranking members rather than the speaker and to allow amendments from the floor to all legislation under consideration.
More HFC proposed rules changes will be considered by the Republican conference when it reconvenes the week after Thanksgiving. Brian Darling, a Washington-based political strategist and congressional staff veteran, told The Epoch Times opposing the rules reforms may yet cost McCarthy votes for speaker.
“Rules changes that empower the rank-and-file membership are necessary to reform the House and allow more participation by all members. It is not a good sign that the leadership rejected rules reforms proposed by the Freedom Caucus, because it shows that leadership is not willing to listen to a powerful caucus in the House. This may come back to bite them in the speaker’s election in a few weeks,” Darling said.
Daniel Schuman, editor of First Branch Forecast, a weekly legislative analysis from a liberal Democratic perspective, enthusiastically told subscribers on Monday that informal efforts similar to those of the HFC is underway among House Democrats.
“We think [rules changes are] an important way to think about reforming Congress—facilitating fluid factions within the parties that can collaborate with one another. Republicans’ experiences should inform the factions within the Democratic party who similarly have been frozen out of legislative processes in the pursuit of the elusive goal of consensus, which is another word for leadership control,” Schuman wrote.
“The HFC is trying to establish a new baseline, a lesson in using procedural power that Dems could learn from,” he added.
The rules debates in the respective party conferences are encouraging, Schuman said, because they may signal “the beginning of a shift in the partisan tectonics under the institution” that would result in a more open and representative House.
Even if McCarthy falls short of 218 Republican votes, there are whispers in House corridors about an alternative route to the gavel. The House Problem Solvers Caucus is a bipartisan group headed by Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.) and Rep. Josh Gottheimer (D-N.J.).
Fitpatrick and Gottheimer reportedly met and talked about proposed changes in their group’s procedures, including one to require that all bills have bipartisan sponsorship before receiving the Problem Solvers’ endorsement.
The caucus includes 28 Democrats and an equal number of Republicans, with all touting themselves as centrists. If McCarthy peeled off a handful of Democratic votes from the caucus, it could produce a coalition speaker.
McCarthy has strenuously denied talking to any Democrats about supporting him for the speakership, but Rep. Don Bacon (R-Neb.), co-chairman of another centrist group, the Main Street Caucus, has acknowledged talking with some Democrats about the speakership.
No speaker in the modern era has been elected with votes from members of both political parties. Any Democrat who did support McCarthy would likely face severe consequences, as happened to Rep. James Traficant (D-Ohio) when he supported Rep. Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) for speaker. Traficant was stripped of seniority and lost his committee assignments.
Another possibility for McCarthy, if he falls short of 218 votes, would be to persuade some of his opponents not to show up when the roll is called or to simply vote present. Doing so would mean McCarthy could win with fewer than 218 votes, as Pelosi did in 2016 after three members voted present.